More consumers than ever before think it's important to show support for companies that do the right thing by buying from them.
A new report called Battle of the Wallets: the Changing Landscape of Consumer Activism, commissioned by Weber Shandwick in partnership with KRC Research, reveals that 83 percent of consumer activists in the US support this form of purchasing behavior, known as BUYcotting.
The report surveyed 2,000 consumer activists – company brand or product boycotters and supporters – ages 18 and older in the US and UK. Respondents were classified as boycotters or BUYcotters based on whether they have ever boycotted or supported a company through purchase decisions. Those respondents who have done both were randomly assigned to one of these groups.
By far, the primary motivation for BUYcott behavior is to support a company or brand's reputation, cited by nearly half of BUYcotters (48 percent). For boycotters, changing the way a company or brand does business is the top motivator (36 percent), but that is nearly tied with harming the reputation of the boycott target (35 percent). In both boycott and BUYcott cases, impacting sales takes a back seat to impacting reputation.
"The influence that consumer activism has on company reputation should not be overlooked," said Leslie Gaines-Ross, chief reputation strategist at Weber Shandwick. "While many companies may be concerned about the financial impact of a boycott, the effect on reputation is often the consumer activist's priority. Companies should consider this ramification when faced with a boycott, and, alternatively, look for opportunities to leverage the power of BUYcotters who are willing to support and positively influence a brand's reputation."
BUYcotts are expected to grow at a faster pace than boycotts over the next few years for several reasons identified by the research:
BUYcotters expect to take more action in the future. Nearly four in 10 BUYcotters (37 percent) expect to take more action over the next two years, a rate significantly higher than that of boycotters who expect to take more action (28 percent).
BUYcotters skew younger. BUYcotters have a median age of 43 compared to 46 for boycotters. Four in 10 BUYcotters (41 percent) are members of the youngest generations, Millennials and Gen Z, versus 33 percent of boycotters. Boomers and older make up a larger share of the boycott segment (40 percent vs. 30 percent of BUYcotters). If this generational pattern continues, BUYcotters will surpass boycotters as Millennials and Gen Zers grow to be a larger segment of the shopper population.
There is a lack of confidence in boycotts. One in four boycotters (26 percent) do not think they can personally change anything by boycotting.
"We are at an inflection point in consumer activism today. Companies operate on an increasingly public stage, with mainstream media and social platforms accelerating consumer movements like never before," said Paul Massey, president of Powell Tate and global lead of Social Impact at Weber Shandwick. "In some cases, boycotts and counter BUYcotts emerge almost simultaneously, with emotions running high on both sides. But we may be seeing a reaction to this divisiveness, with BUYcotts gaining in stature as consumers increasingly seek alternative ways to make their voices heard."
Boycotters and BUYcotters both agree that social media makes the actions of boycotts and support more effective (75 percent of boycotters and 77 percent of BUYcotters). However, BUYcotters are more likely than boycotters to have used a social media platform (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp or Instagram) in their most recent activist action (63 percent vs. 53 percent). BUYcotters are also more likely than boycotters to have shared information with others online about their most recent action (39 percent vs. 32 percent, respectively) and to say social media and online research informed their most recent action (23 percent vs. 17 percent, respectively).
Supporting companies through BUYcotts is more prevalent in the US (72 percent) than the UK (58 percent). However, US and UK BUYcotters have BUYcotted about the same number of times on average over the past two years (5.2 and 5.0 actions, respectively).
Expectations for future consumer activism are stronger among US consumers. Forty-five percent of US BUYcotters expect to take more support actions in the next two years compared to 29 percent of UK consumers. Similarly, 34 percent of US boycotters expect to boycott more over the next two years compared to 22 percent of UK boycotters. This is not to say that consumer activism is on the decline in the UK, as half of UK BUYcotters (52 percent) and boycotters (52 percent) expect to take the same number of actions over the past two years.
Guidelines for Managing Consumer Activism
Based on the research findings, Weber Shandwick recommends the following strategies to companies to navigate consumer activism and the growth of the BUYcott movement:
Consider that consumer activism, both positive and negative, shapes reputation
Anticipate potential boycotts and expect more BUYcotting behavior; plan strategically for each
Activate a cross-functional task force to manage planning and execution of any potential response
Cultivate the BUYcotter community and leverage the powerful opportunity to embrace customers as willing and active brand advocates
Identify and get to know formal and informal consumer activist groups
Listen before acting, on social media or otherwise
Use search engine optimization to its fullest to disseminate information and rally support